Tuesday, December 2, 2008

An article I came across on Yajurveda Sandhyavandanam

SandhyaVandanam :: Forums @ KanchiForum.org

PostPosted: Tue Aug 23, 2005 3:40 pm Post subject: Reply with quote
For those interested, sharing what i recd, with u all. Didnt know how to attach so please forgive me for the cut and paste thus making the text long

[color=darkblue]Nithya andNimithya Karmas
Dear All,

By His Grace and as guided by my Guru Brahmasri Ramji
Sathrigal, a note on the importance of Nithyakarmas is
You are humbly requested to download,store it in your
hard disc,read with utmost care and follow. This note
may please be passed on to relatives and friends to
enable them to reap the benefits.
The C.D. may be collected FREE of cost in case of
Sri Gurubhyo Namaha


Rishis after undergoing penance for years have brought into this world for the benefit of human beings Vedas that prescribe ways to lead a purposeful life. Epics show that those who have taken such a path have been successful and have had peace of mind. To lead a life as suggested for each person in accordance with one’s Varna and to follow the set examples is itself Dharma.

A person is born with three liabilities to Dhevas, Rishis and Pithrus and these are known as Runas. Performing Nithya Karmas and Pithrukarmas shall discharge one of these liabilities.

The root of Nithya Karmas i.e. acts to be performed daily is Sandhya Vandhanam with which only the other pujas, homas and Karmas get sanctified. In other words there shall be no effect to other Karmas without the basic that is Sandhyavandhanam.

Besides Sandhyavandhanam, Brahmayaganam i.e. Deva, Rishi Pithru Tharpanam is also to be performed once during daytime, which relieves one of the liabilities mentioned.

Aspects of Sandhya Vandhanam

Three important parts are a) Arghya Pradhanam b) Prnayamam c) Gayathri Japam.
Starting with prayer to Ganapathi, one purifies for acts if any done in the night, forenoon, and the after noon. Argyam is given with Gayathri Manthra and thereafter to Navagrahas and twelve aspects of Vishnu who represents AthiDhevatha of the twelve months. Prnava Japa and Pranayamas, Gayathri Avahanam, Nyasam, Japam and Gayathri Upasthanam follow this. It concludes with Prayers to Surya, Sandhya, Dhigdhevathas, Yama, Hara, Hari besides Sarpa Raksha manthram.

Importance of Sandhyavandhanam

1. Covers prayer to all manifestations of the Brahmam, in the form of Ganessh, Sakthi, Vishnu, Siva and Adhithya.
2. Prayers to Sun God with whose Grace only there is life in the universe.
3. In Vedas it is mentioned that there is perpetual war between Devas and Asuras . The Sun God, Devatha for Gayathri, with Argyapradhanam gets stronger to fight the evil and in turn shower His Grace on the performer. This is a cyclic occurrence as described in the verses beginning with ‘ Sahavai’ that is uttered before Brahmana Bhojanam in a Shradhdha.
4. Remembrance to Rishis who gave us this invaluable treasure.
5. Only those who have been initiated through Brahmopadhesam by a Guru could do Gayathri Japa, the essence of Vedas.
6. Gayathri Japa protects both self and the world.
7. While doing the Japa one needs to meditate. This meditation besides purifying ones soul gives the power of concentration.
8. Pranayams done in the proper way with the prescribed Manthras give the desired effects such as longevity, purification of lungs and heals any breathing problems.
9. Different postures followed during Sandhya Vandhanam such as sitting upright, bending, namaskarams, viewing the Sun are different physical exercises one does even without knowing.

Rules to be followed

1. Sandhya Vandhanam is done thrice a day in the morning, noon and the evening.
2. In the morning and noon one should do this standing while the evening one sitting.
3. Japa and Vandhana are done facing East in the morning and Noon while in the evening it is west you face.
4. Arghyam is given in the evening facing north.
5. Achamaniyam should not be done while standing or facing west or south.
6. It is important to have proper count of japams irrespective of the numbers.
7. This is to be done on all days even on days when one may have Aachoucham (Vridhdhi ot Theettu as known in Tamil). During this time one needs to do Argyam, 3 Pranayamas and 12 Gayathri and end with Gayathri upasthanam.
8. It is important that the rules and Prayoga (procedures) are followed with manthras properly uttered.

Our forefathers were performing till recently Nithya Karmanushtanas that started in Vedic period. It will not be difficult to set aside a few minutes daily amongst busy schedule to perform at least Sandhyavandanam and once it is part of daily routine it becomes much easier.

By such performance one should become an example to the next generation. There may be some that due to circumstances would have forgotten manthras or the rules or Prayoga and may be doing this karma occasionally but incorrectly.

To facilitate such people and also to guide fresh Brahmacharis a C.D. has been brought out by Brahmasri. Ramji Sasthrigal, of Aathma Vidhya Samajam, Nungambakkam son of Mannargudi Raju Sasthrigal.

The MP3 C.D. contains the following also.

Upakarma, Sravanam, AvaniAvittam:

This is being observed on Sravan Purnima (normally coincides with star Avittam) by Yajurvedhis, while Star Sravan at dawn is important for Rigvdhis. Samavedhis observe upakarma on the day when star Hastha is at dawn in Badhrapada sukla paksha.

On this day RECOUPMENT or REFRESHER COURSE OF VEDAS is undertaken.
One has to do Vedha Adhyana (learning) from Sravana Purnima in the year post upanayanam. From this day to Pushya Purnima one does Veda Adyayana and for the rest of the period till Sravan Purnima learns other aspects of Veda such as Vyakarna.

Veda adhyana that has been thus temporarily suspended (known as Uthsarjana) for six months, get restarted on the day of Upakarma.
It may therefore be noted Vedaramba or restart of Veda learning is the most important aspect of Upakarma.

Aspects of Upakarma.

1. Samithadhanam by Brahmacharis.
2. Kamokarshith Japa. This is done as prayaschitha for not performing Uthsarjana.
3. Brahmayagnam after Madhyaniham.
4. Mahasangalpam for getting rid sins performed during the year knowingly and unknowingly followed by Snanam / Prokshna Snanam for cleansing the body.
5. Yagnopavitha Dharanam – Changing the sacred thread.
6. Kandarishi Tharpanam- to thank all those Rishis and Devas who have given us Manthras for our welfare.
7. Puja for Vedavysa, Varuna and Homa for the Rishis and Devas.( This is normally done at the congregation by the Prohoit or priest.
8. Vedharambam or restart of Vedaadhyayana.
9. Gayathri Japam on the following day of Sravan Purnima. Followers of different Vedas perform this on this day.

Important rules to be followed.

1. Yagnopavitham is a sacred thread and due relevance should be given.
2. This should remain on the body always and preserved properly and kept clean.
3. It shall be changed as and when necessary say when gets broken or after an aachoucham, or before start of any important Karmas.
4. The Brahmamudichu or the knot should be resting on the top of the shoulder.
5. Since it is Sacred no external objects should be tied to this.
6. Yagnopavitham protects a person who respects its sanctity and observes nithya karmanushnaas i.e. daily rituals.

Sidhdhi Vinayaka Puja:
Alsoknown as Vinayaka Chathurthi is observed on Sukla Chathurthi in the month of Badhrapadha (August / September) as per English Calender.

Normally idol made of clay is worshiped and visarjan takes place on Anantha Chadhurdasi after 10 days. This custom is followed in Maharashtra while in south it is on the following day after Punar Puja.

Varalakshmi Vratham:

Families for the welfare of the husbands on the Friday preceeding Sravan Purnima observe this traditionally. Elders or Guru initiates the lady to the vratha in the year of marriage. If for any reason this is missed initiation takes place in the year when it falls in the Tamil month Avani.

Saraswathi (Dhurga, Lakshmi, Saraswathi) Puja:

This is observed to invoke the Goddess for proper education for the children and Gyna for elders. This falls on the Mahanavami day of Shardha Navarathri Festival.
In east Dhurga Puja is observed during Sharadha Navrathri, Lakshmi Puja on the Purnima following Vijaya Dhasami and Saraswathi Puja on Vasanth Panchami day.


More popularly known as Pongal in Tamilnad falls on the day when the Sun changes its path towards North or known as Uththarayana. Sun which gives life to all living creatures in the universe is worshipped at the auspicious time of the change as per the calendar.

Sathyanarayana Puja:

This is being observed in many households on Purnima evenings. It is more popular in Andhra and Karnanatka who conduct the Puja as a part of any important ceremony such as marriage.

Besides Sathyanarayana or Sathyavrathar prayers are offered at the start to Ganapathy, Brahma,Vishnu, Rudhran and Gowri (Pancha Lokapalas), Navagrahas, Ashtadikpalas
(Indhra, Agni,Yama, Nirurithi, Varuna,Vayu, Kubera or Soma and Easanan).

Recital of five stories after the main Puja is another feature and concludes with Palashruthi. It is compulsory for the visitors to accept the offerings.

The C.D. containing the above Nithya and Naimithya Karmas has been made for everyone to reap the benefits by performing regularly and correctly and can be had from:

Sri.Ramji Sasthrigal, New No.18 (old No 37), New Tank Street, Nungambakkam (Tel.28253664)

K.Balasubramanian, 6, (Old No 8/1), Avenue Road, Nungambakkam (Tel. 52137939)

Sri. K.Ramji, PACRIM Software Systems, 7 (Old No.16), Avenue Road, Nungambakkam (Tel. 28211181/ 28223147)

Jai Sriram[/color]

Har Har Mahadev

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