What I've learned about buying land in Bangalore:
To buy any land, the following steps are necessary:
1. Conversion of land from 'Agricultural' (farmland) status to 'residential'. This has to be done by the farmer himself before you
conclude your deal and get the property registered. Non-farmers are not allowed to purchase agricultural land in Karnataka.
Definition of farmer: (1) You or your family need to possess agricultural land in India already, and must have been continuously owning agricultural land since 1974. (2) Your income from non-agricultural sources for the past 5 years should not have exceeded Rs. 2 lakhs per annum.
2. The plan of the layout on such land needs to be approved by the relevant town planning authority. There are 6-7 such authorities, and you have
to find out which authority has jurisdiction over the survey number of the property that you want to buy. The authorities are Corporation/BCC
(areas in interior Bangalore), BDA (areas inside city limits, except corporation areas), BMRDA (areas upto 40-50 km around the city, except
BDA areas), BIAPPA (areas near airport), Lake Development Authority or LDA (areas close to designated lakes), and respective village
Panchayats (for areas far away from the city - basically those areas where BMRDA jurisdiction has not yet become applicable)
(There is also an authority called DTCP - Department of Town and Country Planning - but I'm not clear what is the jurisdiction of this department.)
3. 'No Objection Certificate' or 'NOC' from BDA.
BDA gives two types of NOC. The first is, that so far they have not tried to acquire the land with that particular survey number. The second is,
that they do not have any objection to the coming up of a residential layout on that land in future. Both these NOCs are important and
4. A few other approvals - I will keep updating this post as I get more information on this.
In brief: DC Converted means the conversion of land from 'agricultural' (i.e. land that can only be used for farming according to the government, and hence assessed for tax accordingly) to 'residential' (a different status, which means that tax assessment will be done differently for this land, and it is no longer used to derive 'revenue' for the state from agriculture. The government authorises the owner to stop cultivating this land and build something on it if he wants). DC stands for District Commissioner, the officer who has the authority to approve such conversions.
DC converted sites are usually eligible for bank loans. Moreover, nowadays DC conversion requires that the layout plan has been approved by a town planning authority, like BDA, BMRDA, BIAPPA etc to ensure that proper space has been allocated for roads, parks and other amenities as per government rules. Without their approval, DC does not give the conversion order.
Also, nowadays the DC conversion has been put on hold indefinitely due to an order of the last government.
'Gram Panchayath Approved' means that the layout that has been formed on this land, has been approved by the local 'Gram Panchayat' in whose
jurisdiction the land lies.
As mentioned above, DC conversion requires that the layout / building plan (in case of building) has been approved by a proper town planning authority like BMRDA, BDA or BIAPPA. Whether Gram Panchayat has the authority to approve the layout plan, has to be checked with your lawyer. However once BBMP, BMRDA or BIAPPA has jurisdiction over the specific layout, as per my knowledge Gram Panchayat is no longer the competent authority to approve the layout.
One type of BDA NOC is given by the BDA as of a particular date, and states that the BDA has not issued land acquisition notice for that land as of that date. i.e. as of that date, the BDA has not tried to acquire that land. This is just a safety precaution to prevent the seller from
defrauding the buyer by selling him a land at a high price, which the BDA has already issued acquisition notice for at a low price. It does
not guarantee, that the BDA will not acquire that land in the future. The other type of BDA NOC is that they do not object to a residential
layout coming up in that land. This is a safety precaution and makes your case stronger in case of future move by BDA to acquire your land. Any time you buy a non-BDA site, you are running the risk of acquisition by the BDA in future, and there is basically no guarantee. But usually, if
you build a house on that site and start living there, the BDA may on compassionate grounds decide not to acquire your site as and when it
plans a layout in your area.
Trust this helps atleast some of us 'look before we leap' into the Realty whirlpool.
(Caveat: I am not a legal expert - what is given above is my understanding based on months of searching for a good site in Bangalore. If there are other experts and I have gotten something wrong here, please feel free to correct. I would also keep updating / correcting this page as and when I get more).